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Lead Based Paint Inspection
Simply put, a lead inspection is a detailed examination of any property that determines the levels of lead that are present. This is important because lead toxicity is known to cause a variety of medical issues in people, particularly children. The inspection is mandated by the city of Detroit for any property built before 1978. We systematically investigate every surface that is susceptible to lead aggregation by using an X-Ray fluorescent analyzer (XRF). An XRF is a hand-held device that allows us to take samples of all surfaces in the building that are painted; taking these samples will not damage the surface. We then analyze the samples to provide you with the concentration of lead in your property; this can then be compared to the EPA threshold for lead based paint of 1.0mg/cm2.
Lead Risk Assessment
This is the second step in ensuring your property is safe and up to code with Detroit’s ordinances. The goal of a risk assessment is to identify current and potential lead exposures and provide recommendations for how to mitigate those exposures. Lead exposures can come from elevated surface dust levels, deteriorated lead based paint, and lead contaminated soil. The lead risk assessment first begins with an interview of the occupants of the property. We then identify the areas that are or may be hazardous. These areas often include not only painted areas but dust and soil samples as well. We compare dust samples to the EPA threshold of 40 ug/ft for floors, 250 ug/ft2 for window sills and 400 ug/ft2 for window troughs. We compare soil samples to the EPA thresholds of 400 ppm for gardens and children’s play areas and 1200 ppm for other bare soil areas of a property. Once any hazardous areas are recognized, we offer recommendations for both abatement and interim controls. Abatement refers to how to permanently eliminate the exposure, and interim controls refer to measures that allow short-term elimination of the exposure.
Combination Lead Inspection/Risk Assessment
This is a combination lead based paint inspection and lead risk assessment. A lead inspection and risk assessment is required by federal law if the amount of any federal funding used for a residential renovation or for a rehabilitation project exceeds $5000. Other state and local laws may require Combination Lead Inspection/Risk Assessment. The City of Detroit requires rental properties built before 1978 to undergo a Combination Lead Inspection/Risk Assessment.
The state of Michigan requires a lead clearance after all lead hazard control activities have concluded. This ensures that people in the area are not exposed to lead from activities such as removing lead dust, treating soil that’s contaminated with lead, or distributing lead based paint (ie renovation work). The clearance is comprised of 3 steps. First step: A lead inspector or risk assessor reviews the scope of work and ensures that the work was performed as specified and by a properly trained and certified individual. Second step: A lead inspector or risk assessor inspects the work area to ensure dust, residue, and debris has been removed and the area is clean. Third step: A lead inspector or risk assessor takes dust samples from the work site; the samples will later be analyzed by a lab and compared to EPA thresholds which are 40 ug/ft2 for floors, 250 ug/ft2 for window sills and 400 ug/ft2 for window troughs. The City of Detroit requires rental property owners to obtain lead clearance in order to receive a Certificate of Compliance and Rental Registration.
Asbestos Inspection & Testing
Asbestos can be found in many materials that were used to construct homes, commercial buildings and industrial work places. To determine if you have Asbestos contain material (ACM), you must perform an inspection which involves taking a sample of the building material and having it analyzed for Asbestos fibers. The condition of the ACM is important as that will determine whether or not an immediate hazard exists. It is widely known that airborne Asbestos fibers can cause certain diseases if breathed into the lungs.